## What are the applications of directional coupler?

Directional coupler functions are utilized in RF and microwave circuits to isolate, separate, or combine electromagnetic power. Directional couplers function as the main element in reflection and transmission measurements, power monitoring, and leveling applications.

## What is directional coupler waveguide?

A Directional coupler is a device that samples a small amount of Microwave power for measurement purposes. The power measurements include incident power, reflected power, VSWR values, etc. Directional Coupler is a 4-port waveguide junction consisting of a primary main waveguide and a secondary auxiliary waveguide.

What are the advantages of directional coupler?

Advantages: Performance can be optimized for both forward and reverse paths. Higher directivity and isolation can be achieved. Provides forward and reverse coupling.

### What are characteristics of directional coupler?

An essential feature of directional couplers is that they only couple power flowing in one direction. Power entering the output port is coupled to the isolated port but not to the coupled port. A directional coupler designed to split power equally between two ports is called a hybrid coupler.

### Which is correct property of directional couplers?

Bi-directional property All direction couplers are bi-directional, unless you terminate one of the ports. Consider the coupled-line coupler below. Port 4 is the coupled port when a signal is incident on port 1, and port 3 is the coupled port when a signal is incident on port 2.

Which directional coupler is best?

The coupled port on a microstrip or stripline directional coupler is closest to the input port because it is a backward wave coupler. On a waveguide broadwall directional coupler, the coupled port is closest to the output port because it is a forward wave coupler.

#### What are the parameters of directional coupler?

5.8: Directional Coupler

Parameter Ideal Typical
Coupling, C 3−40 dB
Transmission, T |√1−1/C2| −0.5 dB
Directivity, D 40 dB
Isolation, I 40 dB

#### What is the coupling length of directional coupler?

a Directional Couplers The coupler consisted of two adjacent Ge0.4Si0.96 rib waveguides. The interaction length was varied between 3 and 7 mm and the spacing between the waveguides was varied from 1.5 to 3 μm. For an interwaveguide gap of 3 μm the coupling coefficient was 3.9 cm–1 and the coupling length was 0.46 cm.

What are the advantages of waveguide?

The main advantage is that waveguides support propagation with lower loss. The electric and magnetic fields, which are used for the transport of energy, are equal to zero in metal surfaces. Therefore, these fields are confined to the space within the waveguides walls.

## Why is waveguide expensive?

Despite its advantages, waveguide technology is often more expensive than alternative forms due to the higher cost of waveguide materials, such as silver and copper, and the relatively low-volume production processes involved in manufacturing waveguide components.

## What is the difference between a directional coupler and a splitter?

The way we define it, a coupler (usually) has four ports, uses no “internal” resistors and has one isolated port that is terminated. A splitter is (usually) a three-port, is non-directional, and requires internal resistors (like a Wilkinson) and has no isolated port.

How do you measure directional coupler?

Measurement Procedure

1. Connect the spectrum analyzer inputs to the isolated and coupled ports on the directional coupler.
2. Set the low-end frequency on your source and input this into the feedline.
3. Measure the magnitude of the wave voltages at the coupled and isolated ports.

### What is practical application of waveguide?

Applications of Waveguide Waveguides are used in Optical fiber communication. They are used Photonic integrated circuits. They are extensively used in Microwave ovens. Waveguides are used for broadcasting and radar installations. They are used in space crafts.

### Are waveguides still used?

Rectangular and circular waveguides are commonly used to connect feeds of parabolic dishes to their electronics, either low-noise receivers or power amplifier/transmitters. Waveguides are used in scientific instruments to measure optical, acoustic and elastic properties of materials and objects.

How many output ports does a directional coupler have?

four ports
Directional couplers have four ports. Port 1 is the input port where power is applied. Port 3 is the coupled port where a portion of the power applied to port 1 appears. Port 2 is the transmitted port where the power from port 1 is outputted, less the portion that went to port 3.