What is the most common etiology of heart failure?

What is the most common etiology of heart failure?

Coronary artery disease is the most common form of heart disease and the most common cause of heart failure. The disease results from the buildup of fatty deposits in the arteries, which reduces blood flow and can lead to heart attack.

What is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease?

High blood pressure, cigarette smoking, and high blood cholesterol are still major contributors to the national epidemic of cardiovascular disease. High blood pressure affects approximately 1 in 3 adults in the United States,3 and only about half of them have it under control.

What are the biological causes of cardiovascular disease?

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is usually caused by a build-up of fatty deposits (atheroma) on the walls of the arteries around the heart (coronary arteries). The build-up of atheroma makes the arteries narrower, restricting the flow of blood to the heart muscle. This process is called atherosclerosis.

What are the 7 risk factors of cardiovascular disease?

Major Risk Factors

  • High Blood Pressure (Hypertension). High blood pressure increases your risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke.
  • High Blood Cholesterol. One of the major risk factors for heart disease is high blood cholesterol.
  • Diabetes.
  • Obesity and Overweight.
  • Smoking.
  • Physical Inactivity.
  • Gender.
  • Heredity.

Which of the following etiological factor is responsible for the development of congestive heart failure *?

Tobacco use is a first-order risk factor for the development of coronary artery disease which, as mentioned previously, is the main cause of HF.

What are the types of cardiovascular disease?

There are four main types of CVD:

  • coronary heart disease.
  • stroke.
  • peripheral arterial disease.
  • aortic disease.

What is a biological factor?

any physical, chemical, genetic, or neurological condition associated with psychological disturbances.

What are the 7 ideal characteristics of cardiovascular health?

-—The American Heart Association developed criteria dubbed “Life’s Simple 7” defining ideal cardiovascular health: not smoking, regular physical activity, healthy diet, maintaining normal weight, and controlling cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood glucose levels.

What are the main causes of congestive heart failure?

What causes congestive heart failure?

  • high levels of cholesterol and/or triglyceride in the blood.
  • high blood pressure.
  • poor diet.
  • a sedentary lifestyle.
  • diabetes.
  • smoking.
  • being overweight or obese.
  • stress.

What is the pathogenesis of heart failure?

Today’s concept of the pathogenesis of heart failure regards heart failure as a dynamic state influenced by at least 2 major mechanisms, namely “neurohumoral” activation and ventricular remodeling. Progressive chronic heart failure can be viewed as a result of the prolonged impact of both pathogenetic mechanisms.

What are the 5 major forms of cardiovascular disease?

A List of Cardiovascular Diseases: The 5 Most Common

  • Heart Attack. A heart attack, or myocardial infarction, usually tops the list of cardiovascular diseases in the United States — statistically and anecdotally.
  • Stroke.
  • Heart Failure.
  • Arrhythmia.
  • Heart Valve Complications.

What are the 2 types of cardiovascular disease?

Types of Cardiovascular Disease

  • Coronary artery disease is the build-up of plaque in the arteries supplying blood to the heart.
  • Peripheral artery disease is the build-up of plaque in the arteries supplying blood to the arms and legs.

What are the 5 biological factors?

Biological factors include genetic influences, brain chemistry, hormone levels, nutrition, and gender.

What are the 5 important biological factors that you need in order to live?

Temperature, oxygen, pH, water activity, pressure, radiation, lack of nutrients…these are the primary ones. We will cover more about metabolism (i.e. what type of food can they eat?) later, so let us focus now on the physical characteristics of the environment and the adaptations of microbes.

What is the link between fatty liver and risk of CVD?

In the Valpolicella Heart Diabetes Study, Targher et al showed that NAFLD patients have been associated with an increased incidence of major CVD events after excluding classical risk factors, diabetes duration, glycemic control, medication use, and components of the metabolic syndrome [29-30].

What foods are heart healthy?

15 Incredibly Heart-Healthy Foods

  • Leafy green vegetables. Leafy green vegetables like spinach, kale, and collard greens are well known for their wealth of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.
  • Whole grains.
  • Berries.
  • Avocados.
  • Fatty fish and fish oil.
  • Walnuts.
  • Beans.
  • Dark chocolate.

What are the causes and effects of cardiovascular disease?

coronary heart disease – a disease of the blood vessels supplying the heart muscle;

  • cerebrovascular disease – a disease of the blood vessels supplying the brain;
  • peripheral arterial disease – a disease of blood vessels supplying the arms and legs;
  • What are the common symptoms of cardiovascular disease?

    Face – the face may have drooped on one side,the person may be unable to smile,or their mouth or eye may have dropped.

  • Arms – the person may not be able to lift both arms and keep them there because of arm weakness or numbness in one arm.
  • Speech – their speech may be slurred or garbled,or they may not be able to talk at all.
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy. The cause of this most common type of cardiomyopathy often is unknown.

  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. This type usually is passed down through families (inherited).
  • Restrictive cardiomyopathy. This least common type of cardiomyopathy,which causes the heart muscle to become rigid and less elastic,can occur for no known reason.
  • What are the symptoms of cardiac disease?

    “While heredity is a contributor to heart disease risk, important and controllable factors are high blood pressure, diabetes, smoking and obesity,” said Dr. Hinan Ahmed, medical director of the Cardiac Catheterization Lab at University Health. Heart attack symptoms can differ for men and women, but the most common symptom for both is chest pain.