What were the characteristics the Principalia?
The Principalía or noble class was the ruling and usually educated upper class in the towns of colonial Philippines, composed of the Gobernadorcillo (who had functions similar to a town mayor), and the Cabezas de Barangay (chiefs of the barangays) who governed the districts.
What is the meaning of Principalia?
The principalía or noble class was the ruling and usually educated upper class in the pueblos of the Spanish Philippines, comprising the gobernadorcillo, who was later referred to as capitán municipal (who had functions similar to a town mayor), tenientes de justicia (lieutenants of justice), and the cabezas de …
What is Polo y Servicio explain?
What Was Polo Y Servicio? Polo y servicio was a practice employed by Spanish colonizers for over 250 years that required the forced labor of all Filipino males from 16 to 60 years old for 40-day periods. The workers could be placed on any project the Spanish wanted, despite hazardous or unhealthy conditions.
What were the native Filipinos called during the Spanish period?
The history of racial mixture in the Philippines occurred mostly during the Spanish colonial period from the 16th to 19th century. The indigenous Filipino population of the Philippines were referred to as Indios.
Is Rizal a principalia?
Still, it is clear the Rizals came from a lineage of influential and wealthy principalia , and that their money mainly came from inherited wealth and influence cultivated by their ancestors. They were neither spoiled nor excessively pampered, but lived decently.
What is the meaning of Sangley?
a Chinese trader
Definition of sangley : a Chinese trader in the Philippines.
What is the meaning of cabeza de barangay?
A cabeza de barangay (literally “head of [the] barangay), also known as teniente del barrio, was the leader or chief of a barangay or barrio in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial period.
What is polo y servicios Philippine history?
Many Filipinos today are familiar with the Spanish term polo y Servicios. Teachers taught them in school that the term means “forced labor” or “sápilitang paggauâ” in Tagálog. In other words, the polo y servicios is equated to slavery.
What is polos y servicios in Cavite Mutiny?
The taxes required them to pay a monetary sum as well as to perform forced labor called, polo y servicio. The mutiny was sparked on January 20, 1872 when the laborers received their pay and realized the taxes as well as the falla, the fine one paid to be exempt from forced labor, had been deducted from their salaries.
Is Ilustrados and principalia same?
The concept of a Filipino national community was initially ver- balized in the 1880’s by the ilustrados, the educated elite which emerged from the principalia class in native society after the educa- tional reforms of 1863.
Why is the Rizal family considered as a principalia?
The Principalia One of the key reasons the Rizal family was wealthy was because its lineage, both maternal and paternal, can be traced to principalian roots. The principalia was a class of Filipinos who were considered nobility during the Spanish occupation.
What is mestizo de Espanol?
MESTIZO ESPAÑOL — Half Spaniard, half native. Also known as “criollo”. Example: Fr. Pedro Peláez, one of the first priests who supported secularization (he died when the Manila Cathedral collapsed upon him during the devastating earthquake of 1863). 6.
What is tsinoys?
A Chinese Filipino; A Filipino with Chinese descent, whether mixed or pure ethnic Chinese, especially those who identify as such.
Can a Filipino become cabeza de barangay?
A candidate must be a Filipino or Chinese mestizo, at least 25 years of age, resident of the pueblo for two years, and with good reputation.
Who was the first gobernadorcillo in the Philippines?
The first gobernadorcillo (now town mayor) was Marcelino Poblador, the grandfather of the Late General Perfecto Poblador who was one of the foremost heroes of the Philippine Revolution against the Spaniards and the Americans.