Where is oil shale in Estonia?
The Estonia underground mine at Väike-Pungerja, operated by Enefit Power, a subsidiary of Eesti Energia, is the largest oil shale mine in the world. The other underground mine, operated by privately owned Viru Keemia Grupp, is located at Ojamaa. Both mines use the room and pillar mining method.
When did shale oil production start?
The shale oil production started in 1838 by using Selligue process, invented by Alexander Selligue. In 1846 the Canadian physician and geologist Abraham Gesner invented a process for retorting an illuminating liquid from coal, bitumen and oil shale.
Does Estonia have any natural resources?
One major contributing factor to the accelerated growth of Estonia which has one of the fastest growing economies in the European Union is the abundance of natural resources. The major natural resources in the country include oil shale, sea mud, construction sand, lake mud, and construction gravel.
Where does Estonia get its gas from?
Almost 90% of Estonia’s power is generated using petroleum and gas derived from oil shale. The remaining power generation is primarily from biomass and wind, although small amounts of hydroelectric, natural gas and coal are also used.
Where is the shale oil production?
Worldwide production of shale oil was estimated at 17,700 barrels per day (2,810 m3/d) in 2008. The leading producers were China (7,600 barrels per day (1,210 m3/d)), Estonia (6,300 barrels per day (1,000 m3/d)), and Brazil (3,800 barrels per day (600 m3/d)).
Where is the most shale oil found?
The United States, however, has the most shale resources. Spanning the U.S. states of Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming, the Green River formation is an underground oil shale formation that contains as much as 1.8 trillion barrels of shale oil.
Is there shale oil in Europe?
First, resource estimates in other parts of the world are just more promising than those in Europe. Typically, recent U.S. EIA estimates suggest that there are large basins of shale gas and /or tight oil in the European periphery, in countries such as Algeria, Russia and Ukraine.
What are shale oil companies?
Among the big U.S. shale producers, EOG Resources (EOG. N), Pioneer Natural Resources (PXD. N), Chesapeake Energy (CHK. O), Continental Resources (CLR. N) and Civitas Resources did not respond to requests for comment.
Does Estonia buy oil from Russia?
Estonia – Energy and power Like the other Baltic states, Estonia is obliged to import oil and natural gas from Russia, and its need for imported energy is likely to rise, as the country is under pressure from the European Union (EU) to reduce its dependence on oil shale for environmental reasons.
What is the main industry in Estonia?
The services sector in Estonia is the largest industry in terms of its contribution to the country’s GDP. It mainly consists of transportation, telecommunications, and banking sub-sectors. The transportation sector comprises of favorable infrastructure that has resulted in improved trading operations in Estonia.
What nationality is shale oil?
During the late 19th century, shale-oil extraction plants were built in Australia, Brazil and the United States. China, Estonia, New Zealand, South Africa, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland produced shale oil in the early 20th century.
Which countries use oil shale?
Australia, Brazil, Switzerland, Sweden, Spain, and South Africa began mining oil shale in the 19th and 20th centuries, but they all stopped production by the 1960s. The U.S. ceased production in the early 1980s. Many nations, including Estonia, China, and Brazil, continue to rely on oil shale for fuel.
What countries have shale?
More than half of the identified shale oil resources outside the United States are concentrated in four countries—Russia, China, Argentina, and Libya—while more than half of the non-U.S. shale gas resources are concentrated in five countries—China, Argentina, Algeria, Canada, and Mexico.
Which is the largest shale gas production country in the world?
In a 2011 report, the US Energy Information Administration estimated that China had 1,275 trillion cubic feet of recoverable shale gas, the largest reserves of all countries surveyed in that report.
Which countries have shale gas?