What are CDC standard precautions?
What are CDC standard precautions?
Standard precautions are used for all patient care. They’re based on a risk assessment and make use of common sense practices and personal protective equipment use that protect healthcare providers from infection and prevent the spread of infection from patient to patient.
What are the 4 main causes of infection?
Infectious diseases can be caused by:
- Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.
- Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.
Who is at risk for infection?
pregnant women; infants, and young children particularly under age 2; people of any age with certain chronic health conditions (including asthma or lung disease, heart disease, diabetes, kidney disease or some neurological conditions); people with severely compromised immune systems.
What is treatment and prevention of disease?
Disease prevention is a procedure through which individuals, particularly those with risk factors for a disease, are treated in order to prevent a disease from occurring. Treatment normally begins either before signs and symptoms of the disease occur, or shortly thereafter.
Who does universal precautions protect?
Universal precautions (UP), originally recommended by the CDC in the 1980s, was introduced as an approach to infection control to protect workers from HIV, HBV, and other bloodborne pathogens in human blood and certain other body fluids, regardless of a patients’ infection status.
What causes body infection?
Infection occurs when viruses, bacteria, or other microbes enter your body and begin to multiply. Disease, which typically happens in a small proportion of infected people, occurs when the cells in your body are damaged as a result of infection, and signs and symptoms of an illness appear.
What are universal precautions and why are they important?
Universal precautions are intended to prevent parenteral, mucous membrane, and nonintact skin exposures of health-care workers to bloodborne pathogens. In addition, immunization with HBV vaccine is recommended as an important adjunct to universal precautions for health-care workers who have exposures to blood (3,4).
What is universal safety precautions?
Universal precautions refers to the practice, in medicine, of avoiding contact with patients’ bodily fluids, by means of the wearing of nonporous articles such as medical gloves, goggles, and face shields.
What are standard precautions?
Standard precautions are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (including rashes), and mucous membranes.
What are universal precautions for first aid?
This person’s first aid training should include universal precaution training. The “Universal Precaution Rule” is to treat all human blood, bodily fluids and other potentially infectious materials as if they are infectious. It should always be assumed that all bodily fluids have the potential to transmit disease.
What is disease treatment?
The person will always have the condition, but medical treatments can help to manage the disease. Medical professionals use medicine, therapy, surgery, and other treatments to help lessen the symptoms and effects of a disease. Sometimes these treatments are cures — in other words, they get rid of the disease.
What does Standard precautions apply to?
Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes.
What are the principles of treatment of diseases?
Kill the cause of the disease: Use medicines that can kill the pathogens. Each microbe undergoes some specific biochemical life process which helps them to survive. The intake of certain drugs that block these biochemical processes can help in killing the microorganism causing the disease.
What are the four ways cross infection can happen?
A cross infection is the transfer of harmful microorganisms, usually bacteria and viruses….These microorganisms can be transmitted by:
- unsterilized medical equipment.
- coughing and sneezing.
- human contact.
- touching contaminated objects.
- dirty bedding.
- prolonged use of catheters, tubes, or intravenous lines.