What are nursing interventions for a patient with diarrhea?

What are nursing interventions for a patient with diarrhea?

The following are the therapeutic nursing interventions for diarrhea:

  • Weigh daily and note decreased weight.
  • Have the patient keep a diary of their bowel movements.
  • Avoid using medications that slow peristalsis.
  • Give antidiarrheal drugs as ordered.
  • Provide bulk fiber (e.g., cereal, grains, psyllium) in the diet.

What are nursing diagnosis for diarrhea?

Nursing Diagnosis: Diarrhea related to bacterial gastroenteritis as evidenced by loose, watery stools, abdominal cramping and pain, increased frequency of stools (more than 3 episodes per day), and hyperactive bowel sounds.

What are interventions for a patient with diarrhea?

Drink plenty of liquids, including water, broths and juices. Avoid caffeine and alcohol. Add semisolid and low-fiber foods gradually as your bowel movements return to normal. Try soda crackers, toast, eggs, rice or chicken.

What is the goal of diarrhea?

The primary goal of treating any form of diarrhea—viral, bacterial, parasitic, or non-infectious—is preventing dehydration or appropriately rehydrating persons presenting with dehydration.

What is the diagnosis for diarrhea?

Stool testing is commonly used to diagnose diarrhea. Tests can include stool culture, a stool panel for gastrointestinal pathogens, Clostridium difficile toxin test, ova and parasite tests, fecal occult blood test, fecal fat test, stool antigen tests, fecal elastase, and fecal trypsin/chymotrypsin.

What is an emergency management of diarrhoea?

The WHO recommends that all patients with severe diarrhoea (>10% dehydration) to be treated with rapid IVT while those with mild/moderate diarrhoea be given a trial of ORT. 1. However, all children who are able to drink should be given immediate oral rehydration solution (ORS) regardless of the overall treatment plan.

What are the main causes of diarrhea?

Diarrhea may be caused by many things, including:

  • A bacterial infection.
  • A virus.
  • Trouble digesting certain things (food intolerance)
  • Food allergy (such as celiac disease, gluten allergy)
  • Parasites that enter the body through food or water.
  • A reaction to medicines.
  • An intestinal disease, such as inflammatory bowel disease.

How do you assess for diarrhea?

Evaluation of the patient with suspected factitious diarrhea consists of measuring stool osmolality, performing endoscopy, and analyzing stool water or urine for laxatives. Measurement of stool osmolality can be useful in detecting factitious diarrhea caused by the addition of water or dilute urine to the stool.

Who diarrhoea guidelines?

Diarrhoea should be treated with oral rehydration solution (ORS), a solution of clean water, sugar and salt. In addition, a 10-14 day supplemental treatment course of dispersible 20 mg zinc tablets shortens diarrhoea duration and improves outcomes.

What is the first step of treatment of diarrhoea at home?

Drinking water is the first step to rehydrating. A person can also to create an oral rehydration solution by mixing 1 liter of water with half a teaspoon of salt and 6 teaspoons of sugar. Consuming sugar and salt with water helps the intestines to absorb fluids more efficiently.