What does Article 3 say about the Supreme Court?
What does Article 3 say about the Supreme Court?
The very first sentence of Article III says: “The judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.” So the Constitution itself says that we will have a Supreme Court, and that this Court is separate from …
What does Article 6 say about religion?
After requiring all federal and state legislators and officers to swear or affirm to support the federal Constitution, Article VI specifies that “no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United States.” This prohibition, commonly known as the No Religious Test …
What does Article 4 Section 3 of the Constitution mean?
The ‘Travis Translation’ of Article 4, Section 3: Congress can let new states into the Union, but no states can be formed inside another State. States can¬not be made of two or more States, or parts of States, unless both the State legislatures of those States and Congress agree to it.
What does Article IV Section 2 mean?
Article IV, Section 2 guarantees that states cannot discriminate against citizens of other states. States must give people from other states the same fundamental rights it gives its own citizens. Article IV, Section 2 also establishes rules for when an alleged criminal flees to another state.
What does Article 3 Section 1 of the Constitution mean?
Article III establishes the federal court system. The first section creates the U.S. Supreme Court as the federal system’s highest court. The Supreme Court has final say on matters of federal law that come before it. Congress has the power to create and organize the lower federal courts.
What does Article IV Section 4 of the Constitution mean?
Section 4. The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened) against domestic Violence.
What is Article 3 section2?
Article III, Section 2 creates a series of categories of “cases” or “controversies” to which the judicial power “shall extend.” Examples include “all Cases, in Law and Equity,” arising under the Constitution, cases “of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction,” and controversies in which the parties come from different …
What does the Constitution say about slavery Article 4 Section 2?
No Person held to Service or Labour in one State, under the Laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in Consequence of any Law or Regulation therein, be discharged from such Service or Labour, but shall be delivered up on Claim of the Party to whom such Service or Labour may be due.
What is the result of Article IV Section 1?
Article IV, Section 1 ensures that states respect and honor the state laws and court orders of other states, even when their own laws are different. Article IV, Section 1 also gives Congress the power to determine how states recognize records and laws from other states and how they enforce each others’ court orders.
What is Article 2 Section 1 of the Constitution about?
Section 1 of Article Two establishes the positions of the president and the vice president, and sets the term of both offices at four years. This section gives the president the power to grant pardons. Section 2 also requires the “principal officer” of any executive department to tender advice.
What does Article VI Section 2 of the Constitution mean?
The Supremacy Clause of the Constitution of the United States (Article VI, Clause 2), establishes that the Constitution, federal laws made pursuant to it, and treaties made under its authority, constitute the “supreme Law of the Land”, and thus take priority over any conflicting state laws.
What is the 4 amendment in simple terms?
The Fourth Amendment (Amendment IV) to the United States Constitution prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures and requires any search warrant to be judicially sanctioned and supported by probable cause. It is part of the Bill of Rights.
What is a Article 3 judge?
Article III Judges Article III of the Constitution governs the appointment, tenure, and payment of Supreme Court justices, and federal circuit and district judges. These judges, often referred to as “Article III judges,” are nominated by the president and confirmed by the U.S. Senate.
What does Article 1 Section 4 of the Constitution mean?
Section 4 of Article One grants the states the power to regulate the congressional election process but establishes that Congress can alter those regulations or make its own regulations. Section 4 also requires Congress to assemble at least once per year.
What is Article 4 Section 2 Clause 3 deal?
The Fugitive Slave Clause of the United States Constitution, also known as either the Slave Clause or the Fugitives From Labor Clause, is Article IV, Section 2, Clause 3, which requires a “person held to service or labor” (usually a slave, apprentice, or indentured servant) who flees to another state to be returned to …