What does Ekphora mean?

What does Ekphora mean?

2,34,3), ekphora denotes the funeral procession which takes the body from the place where it was laid out to cremation or burial.

What is depicted on dipylon Krater?

The painted figural scenes on the Dipylon vases describe two of the three parts of a proper burial: a prothesis and an ekphora. A prothesis is the laying out a body for mourning at their home, where they washed and dressed the body. Prothesis worked to prepare the body for viewing.

What were the 2 techniques used to create scenes on Greek pottery?

The two most popular techniques of vase decoration were the black-figure technique, so-named because the figures were painted black, and the red-figure technique, in which the figures were left the red color of the clay.

What is Greek prothesis?

Prothesis (altar) Prothesis (linguistics) A form of the custom of lying in repose in Ancient Greece; see Ancient Greek funeral and burial practices.

How did the Greeks treat their dead?

After 1100 BC, Greeks began to bury their dead in individual graves rather than group tombs. Athens, however, was a major exception; the Athenians normally cremated their dead and placed their ashes in an urn. During the early Archaic period, Greek cemeteries became larger, but grave goods decreased.

Why was a coin placed in the mouth of the dead?

In Latin, Charon’s obol sometimes is called a viaticum, or “sustenance for the journey”; the placement of the coin on the mouth has been explained also as a seal to protect the deceased’s soul or to prevent it from returning.

What is the style of the Dipylon vase?

They were made by being spun on a wheel and assembled in pieces and then painted in a Late Geometric style. Nearly fifty of these pieces have been attributed to the so-called Dipylon Master, who had a workshop that produced the vases between 760 and 735 BCE.

What is significant about this Dipylon vase?

The Dipylon Amphora signifies the passing of an aristocratic woman, whom is illustrated along with the procession of her funeral consisting of mourning family and friends situated along the belly of the vase.

What are the main styles of Greek pottery?

There are four main types of Greek pottery: Geometric, Corinthian, Athenian Black-figure, and Athenian red-figure pottery.

What are the main principles of Greek aesthetics?

The fundamental principles of design are Emphasis Balance and Alignment Contrast Repetition Proportion Movement and White Space.

Why a coin was usually placed in the mouth of a dead body before burial?

Why did Greeks put coins on their eyes?

Paying for safe passage According to Greek legend, he needed to be paid an obol for his service. An obol was a type of coin from ancient Greece. The only way to make sure he got his payment was to bury the dead with a coin on their eyes or even in their mouths.

How long do Greeks wear black?

two years
Mourning and Memorializing the Dead Greek Orthodox widows usually wear black for two years. Memorial services are held on the Sunday closest to the fortieth day after the death.

Why is Cremation not done after sunset?

What is the reason behind it? The Hindu belief is all religious rituals are to be conducted after sun rise. This is so because all the rituals address ADITYA Gods in Heaven.

Why is it called Dipylon vase?

These vases are very large in size (nearly two meters) and were used as grave markers, with craters marking the places of males and amphorae marking those of females. The vases were originally found in the Kerameikos cemetery in Athens which is flanked by two pylons, hence the derivation of the term “dipylon”.

What is significant about the Dipylon vase?

What scene is depicted on the dipylon amphora?

The Dipylon amphora The amphora is entirely covered with horizontal bands of geometric, animal and bird motifs. A rectangular panel on the shoulder depicts a funerary scene: the deceased is placed with a shroud on a bier surrounded by mourners with illustrative raised arms.

What are Greek pots called?

A hydria was a Greek or Etruscan vessel for carrying water. Made of bronze or pottery, a hydria has three handles: two for carrying and one for pouring.