What is Basolan wool?

What is Basolan wool?

Basolan wool is produced by DCCA treatment, resulting in the characteristics of being shrink-resistant, lustrous, low scaling, friction resistant, pliant, bright, soft and fluffy. The market positioning of Basolan wool is a mid to high end product that requires extra care in hand washing.

How is wool made washable?

The conventional method of achieving washable wool involves chlorine, chemical polymers, and lots of water and energy. The fibers are treated with chlorine and coated with a polyurethane polymer that modifies and enables them to slip past one another without interlocking.

How is wool treated?

Wool fibers are treated with 6–8% owf of PMS at pH 5–8 and then treated with a silicone resin (3–5% owf). An example of this process is the Dylan X process, but the treatment is not as effective as the chlorine-Hercosett process.

What chemical is wool treated with?

During the most often used chemical treatment process, wool fibres are exposed to a chlorine gas that erodes or smooths down the wool scales, and it is then coated with a polymer resin (a type of plastic) called Hercosett 125. Hercosett 125 is a polyamide-epichlorohydrin polymer.

What does chlorine do to wool?

Chlorine-treated Wool To prevent interlocking, wool is usually dry-cleaned or hand-washed. Machine-washable wool was made possible by pretreating the barbed scales with chlorine, then, applying a thin polymer coat- ing. This makes wool fibers smooth and allows them to slide against each other without interlocking.

How do you carbonize wool?

Most of the VM contained in wool is cellulosic in nature, which is broken down into carbon, by firstly immersing in a strong solution (6% to 7% weight for volume) of Sulphuric acid (H2SO4) then followed by baking in a dryer set at 95oC to 120oC.

Can I use hydrogen peroxide on wool?

Wool is a very sensitive fiber to oxidizers such as bleach, OxyClean, and hydrogen peroxide and they will most certainly cause damage to the fibers and remove color.

How do you clean yellowed wool?

Add peroxide to the water for a ratio of about 1 part peroxide for every 3 parts water. Use the regular 3% peroxide sold at pharmacies. Use a soft cloth to blot the mixture onto the yellowed piece. Launder as usual.

Why carbonizing is done?

Carbonising is a continuous process which combines scouring to remove the wool grease and a chemical process which removes vegetable matter such as seeds, burs and grass. Carbonising occurs if the greasy wool contains a high percentage of vegetable matter (%VM), typically in excess of 2% to 3%.

Why can’ti use OxiClean wool?

Mistake 4: Using OxiClean on wool or silk Oxiclean is my favorite stain-lifter for plant-based fabrics like cotton and linen but on protein-based fabrics like silk and wool it’s a big no no. As in, surprise! Your silk is disintegrating.

Does vinegar bleach wool?

Steps to Whiten Wool: Begin by combining one tablespoon of white vinegar with two cups of water. Lay the piece on top of a piece of plastic, or work over a sink. Moisten a sponge with the mixture and blot the wool cloth or piece with the damp sponge. Continue until the piece has been covered with mixture.

How do you fix yellowed wool?

Add approximately 1 tablespoon of hydrogen peroxide per cup of water. Immerse the garment under the water and let it soak for 15-20 minutes. Repeat this process until the yellow has been removed (you may need to increase the amount of hydrogen peroxide you are using), then launder as usual.

Which chemical is used for scouring?

The surfactant, the main component of the scouring agent, is composed of hydrophilic and lipophilic groups and forms surfactant micelles in the bath. The lipophilic group of the surfactant adsorbs to the oil attached to the fiber and exerts an emulsifying function by being incorporated into micelles.

Will OxiClean harm wool?

Oxiclean is my favorite stain-lifter for plant-based fabrics like cotton and linen but on protein-based fabrics like silk and wool it’s a big no no. As in, surprise! Your silk is disintegrating.

Can you use hydrogen peroxide on wool?

How do you whiten yellowing wool?