What is binary poison?

What is binary poison?

Binary poisons are toxic substances produced from the combination of two less toxic precursors. Why bother? The less toxic precursors offer several advantages. They are safer to store and transport. Accidental release, unlike accidental release of the binary poison itself, results in minimal damage.

Is vx a binary agent?

‘ Now that we know the agent was VX, Robertson points out that this poison can be employed as a binary weapon. VX can be made by mixing O-(2-diisopropylaminoethyl) O′-ethyl methylphosphonite (Agent QL) with elemental sulfur (Agent NE) or a liquid dimethyl polysulfide mixture (Agent NM).

What are the effects of sarin gas?

Exposure to high doses of sarin can result in tremors, seizures, and hypothermia. A more severe effect of sarin is the build-up of ACh in the central nervous system (CNS) which causes paralysis and ultimately peripherally-mediated respiratory arrest, leading to death.

Has VX ever been used?

In December 1994 and January 1995, Masami Tsuchiya of Aum Shinrikyo synthesized 100 to 200 grams (3.5 to 7.1 oz) of VX which was used to attack three people. Two people were injured and one 28-year-old man died, who was the first victim of VX ever documented in the world at that time.

Where is sarin found?

Sarin and other nerve agents may have been used in chemical warfare during the Iran- Iraq War in the 1980s. Sarin was used in two terrorist attacks in Japan in 1994 and 1995. Sarin is not found naturally in the environment.

How long does VX Gas last?

Stable for long-term storage if relatively pure. Indeed, VX manufactured by the USA in the 1960s remained fully potent in storage for over 50 years.

Can you cure sarin gas?

Treatment consists of removing sarin from the body as soon as possible and providing supportive medical care in a hospital setting. Antidotes are available for sarin. They are most useful if given as soon as possible after exposure.