What is macro processing in preprocessor?

What is macro processing in preprocessor?

The C preprocessor is a macro processor that is used automatically by the C compiler to transform your program before actual compilation. It is called a macro processor because it allows you to define macros, which are brief abbreviations for longer constructs.

What is macro function in CPP?

A macro is a piece of code in a program that is replaced by the value of the macro. Macro is defined by #define directive. Whenever a macro name is encountered by the compiler, it replaces the name with the definition of the macro.

What is __ Va_args __?

fprintf (stderr, __VA_ARGS__) This kind of macro is called variadic. When the macro is invoked, all the tokens in its argument list after the last named argument (this macro has none), including any commas, become the variable argument.

What are conditional preprocessing macro?

In this tutorial, you will be introduced to c preprocessors, and you will learn to use #include, #define and conditional compilation with the help of examples. Working of C Preprocessor. The C preprocessor is a macro preprocessor (allows you to define macros) that transforms your program before it is compiled.

How many types of macros are there in C++?

two types of
3. How many types of macros are there in c++? Explanation: There are two types of macros. They are object-like and function-like.

How do you write a macro in CPP?

The na├»ve way to write the macro is like this: #define MACRO(X,Y) \ cout << “1st arg is:” << (X) << endl; \ cout << “2nd arg is:” << (Y) << endl; \ cout << “Sum is:” << ((X)+(Y)) << endl; This is a very bad solution which fails all three examples, and I shouldn’t need to explain why.

What is a Va_list?

va_list is a complete object type suitable for holding the information needed by the macros va_start, va_copy, va_arg, and va_end. If a va_list instance is created, passed to another function, and used via va_arg in that function, then any subsequent use in the calling function should be preceded by a call to va_end.

Why is a macro used in place of a function?

Answer: Speed versus size The main benefit of using macros is faster execution time. During preprocessing, a macro is expanded inline each time it is used.

How do you write a macro function in C++?

What is macro write steps to implement macro?

Write a macro from scratch in Visual Basic

  1. On the Developer tab, in the Code group, click Macros.
  2. In the Macro name box, type a name for the macro.
  3. In the Macros in list, click the template or document in which you want to store the macro.
  4. Click Create to open the Visual Basic Editor.

Which header file contains va_list?

Create a va_list type variable in the function definition. This type is defined in stdarg. h header file.

What are the advantages of macro over function?

When writing macros for functions, they saves a lot of time that is spent by the compiler for invoking / calling the functions. Hence, The advantage of a macro over an actual function, is speed. No time is taken up in passing control to a new function, because control never leaves the home function.

How to implement macro processor in C?

Here is implementation of Macro processor in C. Here you will need to provide Assembly program containing Macro as input in MACIN.TXT. The result will be stored in MACOUT.TXT.

What are the preprocessor macros used for cross platform compilation?

The preprocessor macros can be used for cross platform compilation, creating cross platform libraries and isolating platform-specific code. Windows 64 bits. Windows CE Kernel for embedded systems. IBM’s old OS2 Operating System. Android NDK. GNU C/C++ Compiler. Mingw or GNU C/C++ Compiler ported for Windows NT.

What are the parameters present in Mac macro processor?

Macro Processor involves definition, invocation, and expansion. RDBUFF (Read Buffer) in the Label part is the name of the Macro or definition of the Macro. &INDEV and &BUFADR are the parameters present in the Operand part.

How to define macros in C/C++ without preprocessor directive?

This technique can be used for both C or C++. Note: defining macros with -DMACRO=VALUE only works for GCC (G++) or Clang. MSVC (Microsft Visual C++ compiler) uses ‘/’ slash for defining macros from command line. I this case the macro can be defined using /DMACRO=VALUE. File: macro-test.cpp Build without setting any preprocessor directive.