What is malaria in PDF?

What is malaria in PDF?

Malaria is an infectious disease that is spread by mosquitoes, in particular female. mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles. Malaria is a disease that is found in hundreds of. different countries around the world and over 3 billion people are at risk from the. disease.

What is the introduction to malaria?

Introduction. Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by a eukaryotic protozoan parasite of the genus Plasmodia. With 350–500 million cases leading to up to one million deaths per year, malaria remains one of the deadliest infectious diseases in the world. It is widespread in all tropical and subtropical areas.

What is malaria disease?

Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by a parasite that commonly infects a certain type of mosquito which feeds on humans. People who get malaria are typically very sick with high fevers, shaking chills, and flu-like illness. Four kinds of malaria parasites infect humans: Plasmodium falciparum, P.

What is malaria Class 9?

Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease caused by various species of the parasitic protozoan microorganisms called Plasmodium.

What is another name for malaria?

Severe malaria is usually caused by P. falciparum (often referred to as falciparum malaria).

Who causes malaria?

Malaria is an acute febrile illness caused by Plasmodium parasites, which are spread to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. There are 5 parasite species that cause malaria in humans, and 2 of these species – P. falciparum and P.

Which malaria is common in India?

The two major human malaria species in India are Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax; P. malariae has been reported in the eastern India state of Orissa (Sharma et al., 2006), while P. ovale appears to be extremely rare if not absent.

What is malaria Class 11?

How can we protect from malaria?


  1. Apply mosquito repellent with DEET (diethyltoluamide) to exposed skin.
  2. Drape mosquito netting over beds.
  3. Put screens on windows and doors.
  4. Treat clothing, mosquito nets, tents, sleeping bags and other fabrics with an insect repellent called permethrin.
  5. Wear long pants and long sleeves to cover your skin.

WHO discovered malaria?

Dr. Alphonse Laveran, a military doctor in France’s Service de Santé des Armées (Health Service of the Armed Forces). The military hospital in Constantine (Algeria), where Laveran discovered the malaria parasite in 1880.

Why is it called malaria?

In fact, the word “malaria” actually derives from the Italian for “bad air”– the mal’aria associated with marshes and swamps. A single-celled parasite known as a sporozoan causes malaria.

When did malaria start in India?

In the late 1960s malaria cases in urban areas started to multiply, and upsurge of malaria was widespread. As a result in 1976, 6.45 million cases were recorded by the National Malaria Eradication Programme (NMEP), highest since resurgence.

When did malaria started?

The malaria parasites of humans are thought to have evolved in tropical Africa from 2.5 million to 30 million years ago (P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae are among the oldest of the group).

What causes malaria in India?

Malaria in India is mainly caused by two major malaria parasites namely Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax (though cases of malaria from Plasmodium ovale and Plasmodium malariae have also been reported from some parts of the country).

What is malaria BYJU’s?

What is malaria 5th?

Malaria is an infectious disease which is spread by the bite of mosquitoes (Anopheles Stephensi). The symptoms of the illnesses include fever, muscle pain convulsions and bloody stools.