What is sociation Simmel?
To Simmel, sociation always involves harmony and conflict, attraction and repulsion, love and hatred. Sociation is always the result of both categories of interaction; both are positive ingredients, structuring all relationships and giving them enduring form.
Which form of exchange does Simmel find most significant?
Simmel views exchange as the purest and most concentrated form of significant human interaction. In fact, much action that may initially appear to be unilateral actually involves reciprocal effects (ie. is a form of exchange) and generally all interactions may more-or-less be conceived of as exchange.
How are Simmel social types determined?
Simmel used social types to explain characteristics of social interaction that could not be explained through examining the content of kinds of interaction, such as exchange, domination, or conflict. Social types capture the form, rather than the content, of patterns of social interaction.
What is the dialectical struggle that Simmel says is unique to the metropolis?
In his analysis of money in society, Simmel adopts a similar dialectical approach, arguing that use of money allows for greater individual flexibility and autonomy but at the same time leads to a hardness of social relationships and a domination by larger forces. See “Metropolis and Mental Life” pp. 411-12.
How are Simmel and Weber different?
Max Weber and George Simmel are considered as ideal-typical founders of sociology. Whereas Simmel pleaded for a large conception of sociology, which would include the epistemological and metaphysical issues as well, Max Weber explicitly excluded philosophical questions from the domain of sociology.
What kind of sociologist was Georg Simmel?
Georg Simmel was an early German sociologist and structural theorist who focused on urban life and the form of the metropolis. He was known for creating social theories that fostered an approach to the study of society that broke with the then-accepted scientific methodology used to examine the natural world.
When did Simmel write the metropolis and mental life?
The Metropolis and Mental Life (German: Die Großstädte und das Geistesleben) is a 1903 essay by the German sociologist, Georg Simmel.
What does Simmel say is the effect that living in a city has on a person?
The city’s inflation of sensory stimulus coerces man into being rational and instrumental in his social interactions, and he has to screen out much stimulus in order to psychologically be able to cope with its rate. Therefore, the metropolis mental life are essentially intellectual, not emotional.
Who was the pioneer of interpretive sociology?
Interpretive sociology was developed and popularized by Prussian founding figure of the field Max Weber.
What is a metropolis in sociology?
A metropolis (/mɪˈtrɒpəlɪs/) is a large city or conurbation which is a significant economic, political, and cultural center for a country or region, and an important hub for regional or international connections, commerce, and communications.
What is the metropolitan personality?
Instead of reacting emotionally, the metropolitan type reacts primarily in a rational manner, thus creat- ing a mental predominance through the intensification of consciousness, which in turn is caused by it.
What effects does the metropolis have on the emotions and intellect of the individual?