What was ayatollahs in Iran?

What was ayatollahs in Iran?

Ayatollah (UK: /ˌaɪəˈtɒlə/ or US: /ˌaɪəˈtoʊlə/; Persian: آیت‌الله, romanized: āyatollāh) is an honorific title for high-ranking Twelver Shia clergy in Iran and Iraq that came into widespread usage in the 20th century.

Who is Mohammad Khatami?

Seyyed Mohammad Khatami (Persian: سید محمد خاتمی, pronounced [ sejˈjed mohæmˈmæde xɒːtæˈmiː] ( listen); born 14 October 1943) is an Iranian politician who served as the fifth president of Iran from 3 August 1997 to 3 August 2005. He also served as Iran’s Minister of Culture from 1982 to 1992.

When did Khomeini take power?

February 1, 1979
Khomeini arrived in Tehran in triumph on February 1, 1979, and was acclaimed as the leader of the Iranian Revolution. With religious fervor running high, he consolidated his authority and set out to transform Iran into a religious state.

When was Khatami president of Iran?

August 3, 1997 – August 3, 2005Mohammad Khatami / Presidential term

Who was Khomeini’s father?

Mostafa Hindi
Ruhollah Khomeini (1902–1989) was the son of Mostafa Hindi, he was an Iranian politician, revolutionary, and cleric. He was the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution, which saw the overthrow of the last Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.

Who are the Majlis?

The Islamic Consultative Assembly (Persian: مجلس شورای اسلامی, romanized: Majles-e Showrā-ye Eslāmī), also called the Iranian Parliament, the Iranian Majles (Arabicised spelling Majlis), is the national legislative body of Iran.

Why was Khomeini important?

Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini was the architect of the Iranian Revolution and the first leader (rahbar) of the Islamic republic established in 1979. He articulated the concept of velāyat-e faqīh (“guardianship of the jurist”) using a historical basis, which underlay Iran’s Islamic republic.

What did Reza Shah do?

Reza Shah introduced many social, economic, and political reforms during his reign, ultimately laying the foundation of the modern Iranian state. Therefore, he is regarded as the founder of modern Iran. At the age of 14 he joined the Cossack Brigade, and also served in the army.

Who killed Khomeini’s father?

When he was about five months old, his father was killed on the orders of a local landlord. The young Khomeini was raised by his mother and aunt and then, after their deaths, by his elder brother, Mortaza (later known as Ayatollah Pasandideh).

What is Majlis in Quran?

مجالس Majālis or in some Arab countries as Dewan or Dewaniya (Arabic: الديوانية – ديوان), or Majles (Persian: مجلس) is an Arabic and Persian term meaning “council”, used to describe various types of special gatherings among common interest groups of administrative, social or religious nature in countries with …

Who founded Majlis?


Majlis-e-Ahrar-e-Islam مجلسِ احرارِ اسلام
Founder Syed Ata Ullah Shah Bukhari
Founded 29 December 1929
Headquarters Ahrar Central Secretariat. 69-C, New Muslim Town, Wahdat Road, Lahore, Pakistan
Student wing Tehreek-e Talaba-e-Islam, Ahrar Students Federation (ASF)

What did Khomeini do?