What were the after effects of the 2004 tsunami?

What were the after effects of the 2004 tsunami?

Ten people were reported killed, and flooding destroyed a major bridge between the capital Port Victoria and main airport. Also, the island reported devastating economic loss in millions of dollars due to hotels, housing, public utilities, and fishing damages. More than 300 deaths were reported and 5,000 displaced.

What happened after the Indian Ocean tsunami?

In the worst hit areas, survivors lost their homes and livelihoods and saw their communities reduced to rubble. Over the months that followed, governments, religious organisations, NGOs and individual people delivered substantial support for humanitarian assistance and rebuilding.

What happened as a result of the Indian Ocean earthquake in 2004?

The quake caused the ocean floor to suddenly rise by as much as 40 meters, triggering a massive tsunami. Within 20 minutes of the earthquake, the first of several 100-foot waves hit the shoreline of Banda Aceh, killing more than 100,000 people and pounding the city into rubble.

How did the 2004 tsunami affect the ocean?

Most of the damage was to the coastal infrastructure, including harbours, destruction of coastal vegetation, and extensive sand erosion. Sea water intrusion into inland areas also affected soil fertility, causing many islands’ top soil to be washed away and increasing the salinity of the soil.

How did the Indian Ocean tsunami affect the economy?

In terms of the death toll and the number of displaced people, this was the worst natural disaster in recorded history in Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Thailand. The total economic cost of damage was estimated at US$ 9.4 billion. In Aceh the cost of damage (US$4.5billion), was almost equal to its GDP in the previous year.

How did the 2004 tsunami affect the economy?

What are the long term effects of tsunami?

In addition to loss of life and mass injuries, other potential impacts include damage to and destruction of homes and businesses, ports and harbors, cultural resources, utilities, and critical infrastructure and facilities. There may be loss of access to basic services such as power, sewer, and water.

How do tsunamis affect human life?

Tsunamis can have a devastating effect on human lives. They can destroy homes, change landscapes, hurt economies, spread disease and kill people.

What are the 10 effects of tsunami?

Environmental impacts A tsunami changes the landscape. It uproots trees and plants and destroys animal habitats such as nesting sites for birds. Land animals are killed by drowning and sea animals are killed by pollution if dangerous chemicals are washed away into the sea, thus poisoning the marine life.

What was done to help after the 2004 tsunami?

The aid response to the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami was unprecedented for a natural disaster, with a colossal $6.25bn donated to a central UN relief fund assisting 14 countries. The series of tsunamis on 26 December 10 years ago killed more than 228,000 people and left more than 2 million people homeless.

How tall are tsunami waves?

In other places tsunamis have been known to surge vertically as high as 100 feet (30 meters). Most tsunamis cause the sea to rise no more than 10 feet (3 meters). The Indian Ocean tsunami caused waves as high as 30 feet (9 meters) in some places, according to news reports.

What was the social impact of the Indian Ocean tsunami?

Social impacts of the tsunami (effects on people) 1.7 million homeless. 5-6 million needing emergency aid, eg food and water. Threat of disease from mixing of fresh water, sewage and salt water. 1,500 villages destroyed in northern Sumatra.

What are the long term effects of a tsunami?

What diseases do tsunamis cause?

Tsunami health hazards

  • Cholera.
  • Diarrhoea.
  • Malaria.
  • Chest infections.
  • Dengue fever.
  • Typhoid.
  • Other infections. Other diseases include hepatitis A, vaginal infections and diseases affecting children. Workers handling corpses are also prone to diarrhoea – but also to tuberculosis, hepatitis B/C or E coli.

What type of damage can a tsunami cause?

There are three factors of destructions from tsunamis: inundation, wave impact on structures, and erosion. Strong, tsunami-induced currents lead to the erosion of foundations and the collapse of bridges and seawalls. Flotation and drag forces move houses and overturn railroad cars.

What are tsunamis good for?

Perhaps one of the most important positive effects of tsunamis is a redistribution of nutrients. Tsunamis waves can lift up nutrient-rich sediment in estuaries and deltas and disperse it inland. In so doing, tsunamis help to spread nutrients in agricultural areas thus increasing the fertility of the soil.

What are facts about the Indian Ocean tsunami?

15–30 m (49–98 ft) on the west coast of Aceh

  • 6–12 m (20–39 ft) on the Banda Aceh coast
  • 6 m (20 ft) on the Krueng Raya coast
  • 5 m (16 ft) on the Sigli coast
  • 3–6 m (9.8–19.7 ft) on the north coast of Weh Island directly facing the tsunami source
  • 3 m (9.8 ft) on the opposite side of the coast of Weh Island facing the tsunami
  • What caused the Christmas Day tsunami?

    What caused the christmas day tsunami? A powerful undersea earthquake that struck off the coast of Sumatra island, Indonesia, set off the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, also known as the Christmas or Boxing Day tsunami, on Sunday morning, Dec. 26, 2004.

    What damage did the Indian Ocean earthquake cause?

    The waves spread throughout the Indian Ocean, causing damage in the coastal communities of 12 countries. By far, the most damaging effects were sustained by Aceh Province, where three devastating waves struck the western shore within about 30 minutes. The tsunami waves ranged from 4 to 39 meters high and destroyed more than 250 coastal communities.

    How tall was the Indian Ocean tsunami?

    This quake caused the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004, which reached out across the Indian Ocean, devastating coastal areas with waves that in some places reached a height of 30 feet (9 metres) or more when they hit the shoreline. How long did the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004 last?