What is Chang attenuation correction?
Chang’s mathematical formulation is a common method of attenuation correction applied on most gamma cameras that do not require an external transmission source such as computed tomography, radionuclide sources installed within the gantry of the camera or a flood source.
What is attenuation correction PET CT?
PET image data scanned with PET-CT scanners is attenuation corrected using data from CT (computed tomography). Although CT-based attenuation correction is generally reliable, patient movement and remains of CT contrast media may cause quantitative errors and image artefacts.
What are the methods of attenuation in PET imaging?
Atlas and direct imaging based methods are two major categories of MR based PET/MR attenuation correction (AC). Atlas based methods are accurate and robustness in brain PET AC.; however, atlas based approach cannot account for inter-subject variations and is time consuming.
What is the most common method for producing attenuation corrected images in nuclear medicine?
The primary mechanism for attenuation in tissue throughout the diagnostic energy range in conventional nuclear medicine is Compton scattering, which results in changes in photon directions of travel with loss of energy.
How is attenuation correction performed for PET MRI?
MR-based attenuation correction (AC) approaches consist of distinguishing the regions with different attenuation properties, assigning the correct linear attenuation coefficients to them and utilising the resultant attenuation map to correct the PET emission data during reconstruction.
What is attenuation in radiology?
Attenuation is the reduction of the intensity of an x-ray beam as it traverses matter. The reduction may be caused by absorption or by deflection (scatter) of photons from the beam and can be affected by different factors such as beam energy and atomic number of the absorber.
What is stress test attenuation?
“Attenuation artifact” observed in a nuclear stress test is due to the reduction in the intensity / strength of signal when it travels through various body tissues of different densities, such as breast tissues, chest wall, and organs under the diaphragm.
What is SPECT used for?
The most common uses of SPECT are to help diagnose or monitor brain disorders, heart problems and bone disorders.
What is radiation attenuation?
Attenuation is the process by which the number of particles or photons entering a body of matter is reduced by absorption and scattering.
What is MRI attenuation?
What does attenuation mean in MRI?
Abstract. Attenuation is the reduction of the intensity of an x-ray beam as it traverses matter. The reduction may be caused by absorption or by deflection (scatter) of photons from the beam and can be affected by different factors such as beam energy and atomic number of the absorber.
What factors affect attenuation?
Factors affecting attenuation The factors that affect attenuation are related to the incident X-ray beam and the properties of the material through which the radiation traverses. These factors include the incident beam energy, the thickness, atomic number and density of the material.
What is the difference between SPECT and CT?
A SPECT scan is a type of nuclear medicine test that uses a radiotracer (a special contrast agent), that is injected through your vein. A CT scan uses X-ray radiation to provide thorough images of the structures inside your body (anatomy).
What is a nuclear SPECT scan?
Overview. A single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) scan lets your doctor analyze the function of some of your internal organs. A SPECT scan is a type of nuclear imaging test, which means it uses a radioactive substance and a special camera to create 3-D pictures.
What is attenuation formula?
An attenuator reduces an input signal to a lower level. The amount of attenuation is specified in decibels (dB). Decibel values are additive for cascaded attenuator sections. dB from power ratio: dB = 10 log10(PI / PO) dB from voltage ratio: dB = 20 log10(VI / VO)